Collection Pick and Mix
The Enys Collection is a valuable and fascinating resource for social history and it is a great relief that it is being kept in the County as part of a public archive, thanks to everyone who went out and bought a lottery ticket.
The Enys project called for volunteers to choose documents from the collection and, after some preliminary training, transcribe whichever piqued their interest. Here are some examples of the themes and materials contained in the Enys collection.
The Enys household accounts in the 1700’s give glimpses of their own children’s schooldays.
1724 Mr Simmons quitted the school in November and the children went not to school again till after Candlemas. Soe reckon for their boarding from that time.
1726 June 24th Pay’d his[Sam’s] Latine School-Master Mr Simmons a year’s salary £4 4s 0d
July 4th Pay’d his Writing Master Will. James, of Penryn, a half year. 5s. for paper and penns 4 and 1/2d
1729 Aug 5th Pay’d Mr Conor Latine Master in Truro, entrance for Sammy & Willy. 6s 4d for books.
Aug 30th Pay’d Cousin Norris by hand of […]Carpenter in full for Sammy and Willy’s boarding.
1736 July 4th Pay’d Mr Dunn Dancing Master for Sam & Willy.
While the children of the Enys family received private education, the senior members of the family were no less concerned with the schooling of the village children on their various properties.
In 1815, a farmer named Joseph Hendy, from Gunwalloe, made an impassioned plea to John Samuel Enys for help in providing a school at Cury. It was obviously a cause dear to Joseph’s heart and we come across him in a letter to his friend, Thomas Warren, who worked for Mr Enys. Joseph is anxious about whether he will receive a reply.
“Gwills, February 11th 1815
On Tuesday next I hope to have the pleasure of seeing you at Enys. To investigate my intentions in building the schoolroom. I am doubtful Mr Enys did not understand my intentions when I wrote by Mr Pearce. I intended then to build on my uncles, Mr Thomas and Mr Dawes right on a ruin of waste ground undivided and I thought rather to have a few lines from Mr Enys merely to satisfie them that Mr Enys approved my having it.
However, I intend building on my own Leave in Court Tenth [the name of the field] which will not interfere but very little with the tillable land. And hope it will meet your thorough approbation as it is on such an aimiable situation. I build it myself or otherwise it will never be built and the school will otherwise go down.
My very best wishes to your good family, particularly to my Good Friend Mr William whom I regard as a brother.
And remain, Dear Sir, your very Dutyfull and obedient servant,
The paper is watermarked at Helston and would not have come cheap. Before the days of the Post Office, letters were sent with any trusted person who happened to be going in the right direction, in this case, the worthy Mr Pearce.
(In the 1851 Census, Joseph Hendy appears at age 63, so would have been 27 or so at time of writing. By then, he farmed 120 acres and employed two labourers.)
He follows this up with another letter in the same month.
“Gwills 27th Feb 1815 To Thos. Warren Truro
My Dear Sir,
I expect you have expected to have seen me or received a letter from me before this time. However I thought expedient first to have a right understanding of the business aluding to the school room before I came or sent. I could not possibly come to Truro at this time on account of loosing one of my best Hackney Horses, except one horse which is large with fole. Rather would have I come before as not consulting the several persons interested in the cause – on a minute enquiry I find it will be useless for me to say anything about that plot of ground we talked of when we met at Enys. As the subscribers will not advance the money to pay for the Conveyance. Neither is there any probability of our succeeding in getting the piece of ground from the present tenants as there is a division now about to take place between the respective tenants…”
It seems the schools building programme hit obstacles in those times too! He continues:
“Therefore I see no way or means of building the School Room on Mr Enys’ right unless building it on Court back and on the lines which are on the front which will be but an ordinary plan. As God knows, me and my Brother may not live to see it built. However, would Mr Enys give me leave to build on Court Ten. I would be at the expense myself, rather than the school should go down – which without a room is very likely to be the case – so if Mr Enys thinks proper, I should build it on Court Tenth, if it is not possible we can get any other plan.
I can only say that at the expiration of the lease, Mr Enys or his executor should be at liberty to do such as they please. As to granting a future lease or dispose of the Room as they like – I can say no more nor do no more than I have said and done on behalf of this institution…”
It sounds as if much heartfelt discussion had taken place at Cury over this proposed schoolroom! Joseph still awaits a reply.
“I hope you will inform Mr Enys of what I’ve said to you on the subject and if Mr Enys would grant me leave as before mentioned have the goodness to write me the particulars by next Saturday, as there is a plot of ground offered for the purpose of building the room upon, but it is rather too far from the Church which will be rather inconvenient for the children.
So my Dear Sir, I hope ever to remain yours Truly and Faithfully, but which to Mr William and all his family besides,
Someone else might have delivered the letter this time though…
“Mr Pearce have been unwell and talks of if he continues in ill health that he should give up [farming.]. “
Hopefully, Joseph himself did live to see his vision realized. By 1842, rough plans exist of the proposed site. The School House was earmarked as 24 by 14ft and School Room as 34 by 24ft. The site lay to the south of the Church.
In 1849, there is finally a Conveyance for the land on which the school was to be built.
“I, John Samuel Enys, of Enys, in the County of Cornwall, Esquire, …do hereby freely and voluntarily and without any valuable considerations, grant alienate and convey unto the Reverend William Broadley, Curate…of Gunwalloe and Cury…all that waste plot of land…situate in the Church Town in the Parish of Cury aforesaid…to be applied as a site for a school for poor persons of and in the said parishes of Cury and Gunwalloe and for instructing them according to the doctrines and discipline of the Church of England and for no other purpose whatsoever.
Such school to be open at all reasonable times to the inspection of the persons…appointed by Her Majesty…with the sanction of the Bishop of the Diocese.”
By this time, in Queen Victoria’s reign, an Act had been passed to make easier the provision of land for schools to be endowed. The curriculum was very much in the hands of the Church.
“…no person shall be appointed or shall continue to be Master or Mistress in the said school who is not a member of the Church of England.”
An alternative to academic education has always been the apprenticeship system practised in England since medieval times. A young person could be placed with a Master of a Trade in order to learn that particular trade, or for general duties in a large household.
An early reference appears in the ordinance of the Lorimers of London in 1261,
forbidding one master to entice away another’s apprentice, and fixing the term of service at ten years.
Another early statute, dated 1275, indicated that the names of apprentices were kept on a paper in the Chamber of the local Guildhall. The enrollment of an apprentice within the
first year of his term was strongly insisted on by the municipal authorities, every freeman on admission binding himself by oath to see that any apprentice of his was so enrolled. It was also required that the Guildhall preserve copies of the indenture, or articles of agreement between master and apprentice. The records refer frequently to the “paper of apprentices” upon which “ingresses” and “egresses” were recorded, and to “a certain writing indented made between them (master and apprentice), which he (the apprentice) brought before the chamberlain.”
“Apprenticeship & apprenticeship education ” SEYBOLT, Robert Francis, Ph.D.
Columbia University 1917
The indented papers were so called because their edges were actually indented, so that each half of a copy could supposedly fit together. Most terms of service later settled down at seven years, although different arrangements could be negotiated.
The Enys Documents also contain examples of Apprenticeship agreements, both of the family members and young people sent to be placed in their household.
CRO EN/1899 Apprenticeship Indenture of J.N. Enys to Peter Dorville 1667
“This Indenture witnesses that John Enys, Sonne of Samuel Enys of Enys in the County of Cornwall has and shall put himself Apprentice unto Peter Dorville of Amsterdam in the parts beyond the seas to learn the trade of merchandising and after the manner of an Apprentice with him to dwell and serve from the day of these presents unto to the terme of six years from thence next insuing and fully to be compleat and ended. During all the said Terme of the said Apprentice, his said Master well and faithfully shall serve, his Secrets keepe, his commands Lawfull and honest willingly everywhere he shall doo, hurt or damage to his said Master he shall not doo, nor of others know to be done to the value of Twelve pence by the year or above, but so to his power shall let it or forthwith his said Master knowledge thereof, the goods of his said Master he shall not inordinately wast nor come to any unlawfully lewd Fornication, he shall not contract Matrimony, he shall not contract at cards, dice or any other unlawfull games he shall not play, whereby his said Master may have any losse, Taverns of Custom he shall not frequent, with his own goods or others during his said terme, without the license of his said Master, he shall not be free from his service aforesaid by day or by night he shall not unlawfully depart or absent himself but in all things as a good and faithful Apprentice shall gently behave himself towards his said Master and all his during the said term.”
The list of customized proscriptions imply a worldly eye on the habits of young folk, if left to their own devices.
An indenture is a two-way agreement, however and his Master had his own obligations.
“And the said Peter Dorville, the aforesaid John Enys the Apprentice in the art or trade aforesaid shall teach and instruct or cause to be taught and instructed after the best manner he can or doth know with due manner of Derrection. And shall also find and allow unto and for the said Apprentice a competent and sufficient meat and drinke, washing and lodging during the said terme.
And so unto and singular of the covenants and agreements on the part of the said Apprentice will and faithfully so be kept and performed in manner and forme aforesaid for his said Apprentice, binding himself unto his said Master by these presents.
In witness whereof the parties aforesaid to these present Indenture interchangeably have put their hands and seales this sixth day of March and year of our Lord Six Hundred and sixty seven. [….Anglia]”
My Sonn John Enys his Indenture for 6 years from this day… [Reverse of Document]
Other notable Cornish families also sent their offspring out into the world. Here, in a rapidly penned missive to catch the post, (and tides, presumably), John St Aubyn tries to set up an arrangement for his son.
CRO EN/1898 fo. 17 Letter from John St. Aubyn
“I have yours of…instante, which gives me such satisfaction conserning the gentleman you write me (Mr Jo. More) that I Resolve to Deale with him conserninge my son Will: and In order theare unto I desire you to write to him by this Post to know whether hee bee supplied with a ladd or not; if not I Desire[crossed out in letter] to agree with him on the Termes you Propose only I Desire that my son may bee sente beyonde the sea within some Resonable time of his aprintisship; the Poste steayes and will be give me no more time at Presente but to subscribe my selfe
St michells youre assured Frinde
Monte this to serve you
29.9 at John Seyntaubyn
I have noe Frinde in London Fitt to treate aboute this business therefore I Desire you to Treate with Mr More for me by weay of letter and Communicate on Returne.
Here is an indenture for a child entering the Enys household.
Apprenticeship Indenture for Edward Mitchell 1829
“This Indenture made the first day of September in the year of our Lord 1829 between John Samuel Enys of Enys in the County of Cornwall, Esq. of the one part and Paul Clarke of the Parish of Perranzabuloe in the same county, yeoman, of the other part.
Whereas John Oates, Churchwarden and Zacheus [B?]rice and John Stephens, Overseers of the Poor of the Parish of Perranzabuloe aforesaid, by and with the consent of Richard Gully Bennet and Joseph Hosken Esqs., two of his Majesty’s Justices of the Peace in and for the said county, by their Indenture under their hands and seals bearing date the 29th day of June 1829 did put and place Edward Mitchell, then aged 9 years, or thereabouts, a poor child of the said parish of Perranzabuloe, apprentice unto the said John Samuel Enys, with him to dwell and serve from the date thereof until the said apprentice should accomplish his full age of 21 years according to the Statute in that case made and provided, during which said term the said apprentice his master faithfully shall serve in all lawful business according to his power, wit and ability and honestly, orderly and obediently in all things demean and behave himself towards his said Master and all his, during the said term.”
We can only guess at how this was impressed upon little Edward…
There were two sides to the agreement. A Master also had a commitment to make towards his apprentice’s welfare.
“And the said John Samuel Enys for himself, his Executors and Administrators doth covenant and agree to and with the said Churchwarden and Overseers and every of them their and every of their Executors and Administrators and their and every of their succefors for the time being by the said Indenture, that he, the said John Samuel Enys, the said Edward Mitchell in the art of husbandry or some other way, to gain his livelihood should and would teach and instruct, or cause to be taught and instructed in the best way and manner that he could and should and would during the term aforesaid find, provide and allow unto the said apprentice in meet competent and sufficient, meat, drink, apparel, lodging, washing and other things necessary and fit for an apprentice.”
Here we see that Edward is not being apprenticed to a specific trade, but to general duties on the estate. His bed and board were provided, along with clothes, any tools required for the jobs in hand and, very importantly, facilities for personal hygiene. The Household accounts of the Enys family frequently stress, when taking on servants, the provisions made for them to “wash out of the House” itself, as part of their employment perks.
In the event of Mr Enys’ untimely demise, Edward was given a period of notice in which to find another position.
“Provided always that the said last mentioned covenant on the part of the said John Samuel Enys, his Executors and Administrators, to be done and performed should continue and be in force no longer time than three calendar months next after the death of the said John Samuel Enys, in case the said John Enys should happen to die during the continuance of such apprenticeship, according to the provisions of an act passed in the thirty second year of the reign of King George the Third, intitled,
“An Act for the further regulating of Parish Apprentices.”
And also should and would provide for the said Apprentice that he be not any way a charge to the said parish or parishioners of the same but of and from all charges should and would save the Parish and Parishioners harmless and indemnified during the said term.”
In other words, the Parish did not expect to have young Edward back on their hands again!
The Enys household also took in female apprentices. In 1709 the family accounts include provision for “a pair of stockings for ye Prentice Girl and gloves. Dying ye Prentice girl’s stockings.”
Victorian Concern for Educating Poor Children
The Enys ladies and their relatives appeared on various committees with an interest in social reform.
One of these worthy projects was the “Elizabeth-Barclay Home of Industry for The Training of Backward Girls of Good Character who Have Passed the Age of Fourteen.”
(or who, these days, we might more tactfully call “Those with Special Needs or Behavioural Challenges.”)
The Home was located in Castle St. Bodmin, but took in girls from all over Cornwall and Devon who had been referred by their local boards. It had been founded in 1898 and the following year, a report was presented, printed in a small pamphlet.
The entry criteria were fairly straightforward. No girl who had lost her character was eligible for the Home and if a resident girl did not improve her behaviour, she could be returned to her guardians. One girl from Helston was turned down outright, but it appeared to be due to the fact that she was too young. Another from Bodmin was also rejected because of the age and violence of the young woman in question.
The Home housed up to twelve girls who were put to good work in the kitchen, wash-house and ironing room, with the view to training them up for possible placements in service. None seemed to have qualified for such promotion in the first year as low standards and bad habits are slow to cure…
In fact, the Matron was so stressed out that she had to be sent on holiday, during which time some of the girls fell into defiance and neglect of rules…
To raise funds, the Home took in laundry, but it seemed that the workload was becoming too onerous. It was intimated that some Friends of the Home were a little too keen to exploit it as a cheap laundry service so a tactful rebuff had to be made in the Annual Report.
The girls were expected to mend their own clothes and it was commented upon that all still wore the same clothes they arrived in. Some small improvements were finally noted in the girls’ orderly habits and handiness and skills in folding and ironing. The older girls were allowed to help with the general housework, but it seemed they could not be left unsupervised.
Life was not all washing, ironing and mending, however. The girls were allowed to take tea under the trees in the garden when weather permitted and a gift of a swing from a Miss Hughes has also proved an unfailing enjoyment…
The young women were also treated to a grand day out in a field near Lanhydrock with the local Sunday School.
Daily drills at the Doctor’s instructions gave them some healthy exercise too.
Listed among the subscriptions was that from a Miss Enys, of £1 1s. and the Hon. Mrs Gilbert, a relative, had kindly donated £2 to the cause.
In July 1766, Francis and John Enys, who were studying at Eton, suffered bouts of measles and smallpox.
Mary Ann Gilbert, a relative, also informs us in her autobiographical notes, that she had smallpox in 1779, when she was three. In 1791, at fifteen, she caught scarlet fever.
In 1795, before she was out of her teens, she fell ill again.
Ill – Dr Warren gave me an opiate without informing my mother. My sleep therefore extremely alarmed her. She thought I was dying and to prevent alarming the servant girl said to her “the sleep of death is sweet”.
Mary Ann continued to keep a keen interest in her health and that of those around her.
In 1797, she invested in some state-of-the-art medical equipment.
I purchased an electrical machine large enough for medical purposes. I cured a woman who had the cold rheumatism in one leg for a long time and Mr Whiton’s eye.
We can only speculate that this may have been an electrostatic generator, which were being developed in the 18th century to investigate the properties of electricity. The simplest were friction induced static charges, often using glass spheres or tubes.
For example, In 1785, N. Rouland had constructed a silk belted machine which rubbed two grounded hare fur covered tubes. This sounds suitable for a lady’s boudoir!
Edward Nairne developed an electrostatic generator for medical purposes in 1787 which had the ability to generate either positive or negative electricity, the first being collected from the prime conductor carrying the collecting points and the second from another prime conductor carrying the friction pad.
In the Footprint of the Enys Family – Riots, Protests and Civil Unrest
In 1815, the Tory Government, headed by Lord Liverpool, agreed with the business community that commodity prices, specifically cereal crops, should be kept artificially high to keep out cheap foreign imports and protect vested business interests.
So the Corn Law was passed. This led to serious rioting among the poor, who were adversely affected by the higher food prices.
Mary Ann Gilbert, a relative of the Enys Family, wrote of her experiences:
Whilst my Uncle Gilbert was on a visit to us, our house was attacked by the mob raised by the Corn Bill. They broke 48 panes of glass and attempted to tear up the iron rails and break in the street door, but happily being prepared with constables and soldiers, the latter fired and the populace dispersed.”
The price of bread had been inflated for some time before this. In 1795, Mary Ann mentions that “ Bread Scarce. Mr Hoper read [to us] from Smith’s “Wealth of Nations”.
In 1800, she commented on the prices. “ Wheat August and upwards of 40s a load. I had parchment bread for 6 weeks or rice with honey or sweetmeat for breakfast and tea.”
It seems even the well-to-do were having to resort to austerity measures!
Mary Ann continued her keen interest in social reform throughout her life. A collection of pamphlets written by various reformists was put together in a bound volume and gives an overview of her concerns.
The despised Corn Laws continued to exercise minds, as did the extent of Parish Relief having to be paid out for unemployed agricultural workers.
A letter to Rev. C. Gardner from Arch. Scott 8th March 1834
“Corn Laws useless-enriching farmers…
The letter suggests that the surplus labour force could be employed on “spade husbandry” – a sort of Land Army to grow extra food. Experiments in allotment style holdings were being practised by some landowners, including Mr Scott.
Also in 1834, pamphlets were submitted to MP’s on the Corn Laws. Their complaint was of land workers kept on Poor Relief for much of the year when they could be gainfully employed in producing food. But many tenant farmers were stinting on production to artificially raise prices, which only served to encourage foreign imports. Self-sufficiency and food security issues are not new catch-phrases.
Cuthbert Johnson Esq. “It is not Nature that is barren of her gifts, but it is Man that has abused them.”
“Let improvements proceed; let Science go hand in hand with the Farmer; let the Naturalist find new cultivatable vegetables, or new varieties of those already known. Let the Chemist yield his magic aid to demonstrate the best mode of promoting their growth and increasing the fertility of the soil – and then, I fearlessly assert, that ten times the present inhabitants of Britain may be amply supported by the produce of the land of their birth.”
John Barton Nov 19th 1838 “It is true the Poor have no money, but they possess an equally, nay even a more efficient Capital in their Labour.”
“Therefore in England and Ireland, to give full employment to every able labourer is, in fact, the true, the unaffected patriotism, as well as the soundest political economy.”
“I have a dream”
On the 11th May 1812, the Prime Minister, Spencer Percival, had been assassinated by a lone gunman in the lobby of the House of Commons. The murderer, John Bellingham, had nursed private grievances against the government for ignoring his petitions on compensation for a spell of imprisonment in Russia.
The Cornish connection comes with a handwritten attestation in a notebook among the Enys papers, dated approximately 1836, in which a Miss Hext recorded the story of a Mr Williams of Scorrier. Mr Williams claimed to have had a precognitive dream foretelling the assassination.
“The following dream occurred in Cornwall – the gentleman to whom it occurred was Mr Williams, late of Scorrier…from whose own lips (says Dr Carlyon) I hear more than any heard the relation…
The following particulars are in the words of Dr Abercrombie who says he received them thro’ the kindness of a friend from Mr Williams himself.
“Eight days before the murder of the late Mr Percival (of whom he had no personal knowledge whatever) Mr Williams dreamed that he was in the lobby of the House of Commons and saw a small man enter dressed in a blue coat and white waistcoat. Immediately after he saw a man, dressed in a brown coat with yellow basket initial buttons, draw a pistol from under his coat and discharge at the former, who instantly fell, the blood issuing from a wound a little below the left breast. He saw the murderer seized by some gentlemen who were present and observed his countenance; and on asking who the gentleman was who had been shot, he was told that it was the Chancellor of the Exchequer.
He then awoke and mentioned the dream to his wife who made light of it; but in the course of the night, the dream occurred three times without the least variation. He was now so much impressed by it that he felt much inclined to give notice to Mr Percival, but was dissuaded by some friends whom he consulted who told him he would only get himself treated as a fanatic.
On the eve of the eighth day after, he received the account of the murder, the murder having occurred two days previously.
Being in London a short time subsequently, he found in the print shops a representation of the scene and recognized in it the countenance and dress of the [perpetrator], the blood on Mr Percival’s waistcoat and the peculiar yellow basket buttons on Bellingham’s coat precisely as he had seen in his dream.”
Dr Carlyon continues – ” I have compared this account of Dr Abercrombie’s with Mr W.
Mr Hill, a barrister and grandson of Mr Williams was lately kind enough to give me from his records the particulars of this most strange dream in the words of when he heard them related by his Grandfather.
There is very little and no material variation. Mr Hill states that Mr Williams heard the report of the pistol, saw the blood fly and stain the waistcoat and saw the colour of the face change.”
He likewise mentions that “on the day following the dream, he went to Godolphin with Mrs Roberts, W. Lox and his brother Mr William Williams and on his return home informed them of the dream and of the uneasiness of his mind on the subject increasing in great incidence arising from his doubts about the propriety of announcing a dream.
Wm had made so great an impression upon himself and the friends of Mr Percival, but he allowed himself to be laughed out of any such intention.”
All this (Dr C concludes) I beg to repeat I have myself heard more than once, circumstantially related by Mr Williams, who is still alive( Feb 1836) and residing at Calstock and who, I am sure, from his obliging disposition, would be most ready to corroborate the wonderful history to its fullest extent…”
Whatever we may think about the veracity of precognition, this illustrates the public emotions stirred up by the assassination of a national figure.
The ultimate civil unrest could be said to have already erupted in the 17th Century with the execution of King Charles I. Here, in a letter to Samuel Enys, Christopher Bellot describes the fate of some of the instigators.
“The bodyes of Cromwell, [J…] and Bradshaw now hang’d at Tyburn and their heads cutt off & buryed all in one pitt under the Gallowes on [Wednesday] last When we had a humiliation day for the murder of the late King.”
CRO EN/1898 fo 39
In the Footprint of the Enys Family – Coach Travel
The Enys Family paid great attention to their means of transport. They were careful to employ the best coachmen and horses, to encourage their loyalty and provide equipment for them.
The Household Accounts give details:
1735 Joseph Nicholls of Gluvias (Assistant Groome) from ye 2nd October, wages and washing £6 10s 0d
Supplied with Buckskin Breeches £1 2s 0d
In 1748, Samuel Enys was quietly pleased he had managed to lure a coachman away from the household of Dr Borlaise, even allowing him to negotiate his own wages.
1st June John Polkinghorn came to me from Dr Borlaise and bargained with me for £5 10s per annum and he to wash out of the House. I am to give him once a year a full suit of livery and a stable frock and pair of Buckskin Breeches once in two years and a [list] of Books once a year.
Mary Ann Gilbert was a seasoned traveller. In 1805, she says:
” My dear Mother bought a low phaeton driven by a postilion, to try and restore my health and the horse lasted 14 years and a half.”
A Phaeton is a type of carriage, drawn by one or two horses and designed to be light and fast. It was named after the mythical son of Helios, who begged his father to borrow the solar chariot and came to grief as he couldn’t handle it. This enhanced the phaeton’s reputation as being “racy” and dangerous.
A postilion is the driver, mounted usually on the left leading horse.
The Townsfolk of Penryn in the 18th Century
Valentine Enys (1653-1719) was a merchant of some repute and kept meticulous accounts of his dealings with the tradesmen and women of Penryn, in an assortment of petty cash books, ledgers and letters.
A ledger of 1719/20, begun by him and continued by his brother John and nephew Samuel, lists the debts owed him for various goods, mostly for the supply of wines.
Richard Odgers of this town.
14th April To sundry sums of money of him by my selfe.
To one year’s rent of his room in my house in ye back lane will be completed in the 29th Sept 1719 being Michaelmas Day.
Mr Odgers was able to work off some of the rent money by taking care of John Enys’s horse, among other tasks.
1720 Oct 7th By fetching in from grass J.E’s old white mare and sweeping the street 12 weeks
at 6d a week according to agreement with V.E. [Valentine Enys]
By fetching in from grass and turning out again D.W’s [Dennys Wadden] mare which he rid here from his Father’s when sent for by S.E in V.E’s sickness nine weeks at 8d a week.
By looking after D.W’s mare when in the house sixteen weeks.
By washing bottles and…Mead in the cellar.
By looking after the Horse which Dennys Wadden rid from Ennys to this day.
William Leddra, Mariner of this town.
To the hire of his roome in my house in the back lane agreed in preference of Michael Pearce, carpenter of this town, for fifty-five shillings each year to begin in the First of May 1719.
1719 Michael Pearce of Penryn, son of the above mentioned Mr Pearce.
To his obligation of this day for forty shillings.
1719 Capt. Thomas Trefusis of Penryn
16th March To a flask of Florrence oyle sold him sometime since. 3s 9d
1719 Matthew Bowles of this Town
16th March To one year’s rent of my cellar by the mill due May last £5
1720 To one year’s rent of s’d cellar to this day with the Term expired and he yielded it up.
1719 Thomas Pellowe of this Town.
12th April To two empty Madeira pipes sold him at 10s each
1719 John Dunnell, Shoemaker of Penryn.
17th April To amt curr’t £3 10s
20th April James Peller of Penryn £4 3s 11d
24th April William Webbe of Penryn
To balance of this amount in Petty Cash Book amounting to £6 1s 8d
By forty shillings hee paid me this day on acc’t of his debt in
Front contra £2
Jan 14th Rec’d twenty shillings and then took his note for the remainder. £1
14th Oct James Foster, Blacksmith of Penryn
To 40 [cwt] Coals sold him by Geo. Baker £1 3s 4d
1720 Richard Bohenna of this town is to account to an empty pipe he had to hold Syder.
1720 Christopher Curtis of Penryn
March 2nd To 10 cwt of Coals sold him in November. Cash being part
of the “Rebecca”‘s Cargo as in the memorandum book.
1720 John Johnson of Penryn, Mariner
June To Two guineas advanced to Johnson on account of the wine in front.
A cask of Canary he left at Guernsey when made of the return…is now in custody of Mr Atherly of Southton whose balance I must here make him good.
Two guineas charged in front repaid me by Den. Wadden who is so receiving of value of the above wine as sold by Mr Atherly for Johnson’s aid.
1720 Benjamin Tolls, Mariner of this town.
To rent of his part of the Sumer Court House.
1720 Mr William Harry of this town
July 26th To six Dutch tiles at 4d each 2s
1720 Mr Simon Worth, Surveyor of this Port.
July 28th To Cash paid him in full of his Gratuity to this day £3 15s
15 ships Enter’d Inwards and Outwards to this day forward I allow
him 5s per ship as Surveyor the whole amounting to £3 15s
John Old of Penryn
April To …some yards that were in ye back lane cellar sold him May 1717
To 70 of the sticks of wood brought from Loo agreed by N. Mead 8s 9d
May 22nd To the value of some mash left in blank in petty acc’t book No 2
Folio 24 agreed 12th Aug 1714 2s 6d
May 25th To one gallon of Canary for his Sonne’s funeral 6s
June 9th To ye value of seventeen pieces of wood deliver’d him ye day
Aug 12th To your half of the charge in building the wall and chimney next.
Mrs Ann Rogers of Penryn
May To ¼ gall of Canary
Sept 25th To ½ gall of ditto her servant came for this day.
To Mr Harvey fine glassed tyle at 2d each
John Blackler of Penryn
May To fifteen pounds lent him to pay J. Ennys.
Jan 13th To 5 Deal boards delivered to his order.
Feb 23rd To Rent of the Cellar to December 1719 when yielded it up.
To 5 Dutch Tyles delivered this day at 2d each.
Dutch Tiles seemed to be all the rage in Penryn. I wonder how many houses still have them!
Elizabeth Treludden of this Town
May To ye amount of her Debt in Petty acc’t book brought hither
1721 When this debt is recovered wherof at present there appears little or no hope,
The ¼ part thereof…be offered to Messrs Pouldon & Smith of Teneriffe, the whole being due for Canary sold Mrs Treludden, part of the Frances’ cargo wherein they were ½ part concerned and supposing it with her desperate debt I’ve already charged Messrs Poulden & Co. the ¼ thereof (being made good in all sales in acc’t Current)