Jane Maria Enys

Marriage Settlement between John Enys and Jane Maria Villebois

John Enys was born in 1772 and he died in 1802. Jane Maria Villebois of Feltham Place was born in 1771 and died in 1840. Jane Maria was the great-granddaughter of Sir Henry Truman, the famous brewer. Two of Jane Maria’s brothers, John Truman and Henry Villebois were painted by Gainsborough. Jane Maria was widowed after only six years of marriage. She died in 1849 at Cavendish Place in Bath. Unfortunately the marriage was childless so there weren’t any heirs. On John’s death the estate went to his Uncle, Francis Enys.

Jane Maria brought with her to the marriage several sums of money, stocks, funds and securities of £10,000. Annuities were to be paid to her three sisters, Harriet, Charlotte and Isabella Villebois until they reached the age of twenty-one or married. John was now entitled to these funds; they were looked after by several trustees, Francis John Enys of Truro, John Truman of Feltham Place, Middlesex (Jane’s brother), Henry Read of Crowood in Wiltshire, a Lieutenant Colonel in his Majesty’s First Regiment and Samuel Petti Andrews of Brompton, Middlesex. If a trustee were to die they would be replaced by new ones. In this case the appointments were; David Howell of Trebursye near Launceston, Cornwall and Francis Petti  Andrews. If Jane was widowed without any children she would receive £6700. In 1803 when John died Jane Maria received £2312 which was the residue of the marriage settlement of £12,924 1s 8d, 3% consols. Bonds called consols, short for either consolidated annuities or consolidated stock came into existence in 1752 when all existing stock was converted into one stock. This was part of a bid to reduce the coupon rate on government debt. Coupon rate is the amount of interest paid annually on a bond and in this time the coupon rate was 3% of its yearly value.

On the death of Jane Maria’s mother Frances in 1820, £2796 went to John Enys’ executors who looked after it for Jane Maria. Seeing that she was the survivor of the marriage without children, her mother’s money then went to Jane Maria’s executors for her and their own benefit. When John died, Jane Maria became entitled to receive from the trustees of John the sum of £2312 plus £60 for half a year’s interest.  Jane Maria then requested her executors to sell out the sum of £3780, 11s and 4d consols. Of the £12,924, 1s and 8d, which at the price of the day produced the sum of £2321 and £60. Francis Enys and John Truman Villebois then declared as executors they would carry on looking after the £12,924, 1s and 8d consolidated bank annuities.

In 1827, 25 years after John died the marriage settlement was still producing annuities. Out of John Enys’ marriage settlement £10,000 was invested in the names of the trustees on the death of John. In the purchase of £12,925, 1s and 8d £% consols upon trust to pay dividends to pay John Enys for life and afterwards to his wife if there were no children, then to pay Jane Maria the amount of her fortune £6700 out of the £10,000 in case she survived her husband, which she did. When Jane Maria died it would go to the trustees. In John Enys’ will he left all to his Uncle Francis, and if he was dead to his Uncle John Enys. Francis Enys survived his nephew and on his own death received dividends from the investment during his life and seeing that his brother John had died nominated John Samuel Enys, his grand-nephew to be the executor of his will and gave him all of his personal estate.

Soon after appointing a new trustee David Howell in 1827, power of attorney was given to Sir R C Glynn and co, Bankers of London to receive the dividends and told them to pay the same to John Samuel Enys.

In 1839, John Truman Villebois died leaving David Howell sole trustee of the trust stock. In 1840 Jane Maria Enys died and the said trust stock became at the disposal of John Samuel Enys, which was thanks to Francis’ will. David Howell then handed over power of attorney.


The will of Jane Maria Enys (made in 1838)

Jane Maria left to various people gifts of £100, £10 and £50, totalling about £500. £500 went to Captain Wallace Gabriel RN of Newbury .To God-daughter and niece by marriage Jane Hunt Enys of Gwarder, (Jane was the daughter of Lucy Enys and was born Hunt), she left £100 for her own use, vases and coloured views of Switzerland. To her god-daughter Georgina Baker, she left £100 to be invested in stocks for her own use. To her servants, a suit of mourning and a sovereign for each year they had served, plus wages.

All of her goods, furniture, household effects of every kind, fixtures and fittings and greenhouse were sold at auction, the money received was used to buy stocks to produce annuities to benefit her relative Maria Harriet Gardiner and two-thirds of the estate went to her as well. Unfortunately she died aged 13 years in October 1840. So it went to Maria Harriet’s sister, Frances Charlotte Gardiner. Jane Maria’s sister Charlotte Barrett had her ornamental china.

She left £1,000 to be invested in stocks by her brothers, the executors of the will; Henry and Francis Villebois, for the benefit of Harriet Ward, for her use only, also to Harriet the sum of £500. Jane Maria’s sister Isabella Villebois left Jane Maria £100 a year, Jane Maria wanted this to pass to her great-niece Maria Harriet Gardiner. Her other great-niece and god-daughter, Frances Charlotte Gardiner received less because she had already been provided for by the will of Jane Maria’s late sister Frances Elizabeth Villebois. If they died before they were twenty one, then it would go to the children of Jane Maria’s first cousin Mrs Oliphart of Rossie House, Perth, Scotland.

All of Jane Maria’s books, linen, plates, prints, watches, trinkets and ornaments were to be held upon trust for Maria Harriet until she was twenty-one or married, if she died then her sister would receive them.

Jane Maria requested that all the legacies to females named in her will were to be paid within six months of her decease. The legacies were to be used for their sole and separate use and benefit, independently of their present or any future husbands.

Karen Tuplin

Documents used:

EN/851, EN/852, EN/853. Will downloaded from the National Archives.




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